Covid 19 comparision: Pfizer vs Moderna vs Natural Infection vs Novavax vs Johnson and Johnson

Post Overview
    Add a header to begin generating the table of contents

    In this video, Roger Seheult, MD of MedCram explains a recent study out of the prestigious science journal Cell that compares all four available COVID-19 vaccines in the U.S. (Moderna, Pfizer, Novavax, Johnson & Johnson) versus natural COVID-19 infection and the efficacy after 6 months. The principal investigators include Dr. Weiskopf, Dr. Crotty, and Dr. Sette.  They review the binding immunoglobulins (IgG), neutralization of the virus, CD4 cells, circulating T follicular helper cell,  CD8 cells, and memory B cells in comparison across the vaccines and in natural infection concluding at 6 months. 

    Purpose of the Study

    The purpose of this study is not to say which vaccine is better. Vaccines in general and more specifically each type of vaccine (ie mRNA, adenovirus vector versus traditional) each carry their own benefit and risk. The purpose of this study was to look from an immunological standpoint and see what the effects on the immune system were with each type of vaccine and natural infection. It was to look at the benefits and efficacy of each of the vaccines and natural infection to protect against infection and disease in SARS-CoV-2. 

    Limitations of the Study

    Limitations of this study include that it only addressed the native SARS-CoV-2 virus and not the subsequent variants. Also, other vaccines such as Astra Zeneca, Coronavac, Sinopharm, and Sputnik were not included due to lack of availability. 

    Study Findings

    The study found that antibodies against the spike protein IgG at 6 months were seen in all the vaccines and in naturally infected individuals. It concluded that recipients of mRNA vaccines had a 4.5-fold higher spike IgG, 6.4-fold higher RBD IgG, and a 3.40-fold higher neutralizing antibody titer compared to natural infection. Antibody titers from the Novovax recipients also trended higher than SARS-CoV-2 infected subjects. Antibody titers from the Johnson and Johnson were similar to titers from SARS-CoV-2 infected subjects.  

    Immunity and Antibody Response

    However, immunity is more than just the antibody response when it comes to staying out of the hospital and maintaining wellness.  If you can elicit a T cell response you can get a more robust cell-mediated immunity.

    Conclusion 

    The study found overall that while antibody levels decline, memory T cells and B cells were comparatively stable. 

     

    LINKS / REFERENCES:

    Humoral and cellular immune memory to four COVID-19 vaccines (Cell) | https://www.cell.com/cell/pdf/S0092-8…

    Low-dose mRNA-1273 COVID-19 vaccine generates durable memory enhanced by cross-reactive T cells (Science) | https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/s…

    MedCram Update 46: https://youtu.be/EFRwnhfWXxo

    MedCram Update 47: https://youtu.be/H1LHgyfPPQ8

    MedCram Update 132: https://youtu.be/9OZZ6_M4OB0

     

    Stay Tuned for More Updates 

    All coronavirus updates are at MedCram.com (including more discussion on Novavax, Johnson and Johnson vaccine efficacy, natural immunity COVID 19, and more).

    Our COVID-19 videos are always available for free (and ad-free) at MedCram.com. In addition, check out our full library of courses and lectures on subjects ranging from Hypertension Explained Clearly to Sleep Apnea Explained Clearly course and many more!

    Meanwhile, you can find all of our COVID-19 videos compiled here.

    Visit MedCram.com for updates on Monkeypox virus infectious disease and more.

     

    Leave a Comment